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Titus Livius, describes it as a "small fortified town",
al·caz·ar(l-kzr, -k?zr, lk-z?r)
n. A Spanish palace or fortress, originally one built by the Moors.
[Spanish alc?zar, from Arabic al-qar : al-, the + qar, castle (from Latin castra, fort, pl. of castrum, camp. See kes- in Indo-European Roots).]
alkali \Al"ka*li\ (?; 277), n.; pl. Alkalis or Alkalies. [F. alcali, ultimately fr. Ar. alqal[=i] ashes of the plant saltwort, fr. qalay to roast in a pan, fry.] 1. Soda ash; caustic soda, caustic potash, etc.
2. (Chem.) One of a class of caustic bases, such as soda, potash, ammonia, and lithia, whose distinguishing peculiarities are solubility in alcohol and water, uniting with oils and fats to form soap, neutralizing and forming salts with acids, turning to brown several vegetable yellows, and changing reddened litmus to blue.
Fixed alkalies, potash and soda.
ammonia, so called in distinction from the fixed alkalies.
for details of the SALT ARCHIVE